I've been asked many times what camera settings I use for the various kinds of aviation photography I participate in. Hopefully this little guide will help you but please remember that these are not hardened rules, they are just the ones I tend to favour. My advise to you is get out there, play with the settings and see what suits you best.
Now down to business...
For a Static shot i.e. museums/dispersal etc I will always use manual mode but if it's a moving aircraft then I tend to favour the Shutter Priority (TV) control on the camera and adjust the ISO setting to control any light issues that might arise. Just bear in mind that the higher the ISO the nosier your image will be.
Now for shutter speeds:
For Fast Jets I will normally shoot at between 1/1000 & 1/1250 & for Jet Airliners between 1/700 & 1/1000
Rotary and Props vary between 1/200 to 1/250 or even as slow as 1/30 depending on how much prop Movement I want to see and of course how long I can keep my camera steady. For the slower shutter speeds I'd strongly recommend using a tripod.
Remember there is nothing worse than taking what you think is a great picture then finding out that the props/rotors look like they've stopped in mid air. Don't worry we've all been there!
Here are some examples